Jewelry mystery in etching – by Maryana Myroshnychenko.
Etching is one of the most popular and wide used medium from all intaglio techniques. Intaglio is the family of printing and printmaking techniques in which the image is incised into a surface and the incised line or sunken area holds the ink. It is the direct opposite of a relief print. Such techniques as engraving, drypoint, aquatint, mezzotint, soft ground and collagraphs are also included to intaglio. The artist can use them separately or combine some of them together in one work, called mixed technique.
Albrecht Dürer. The Agony in the Garden of Gethsemane. C3. 1515.
Metropolitan Museum of Art (NY, USA).
The oldest dated etching is by Albrecht Dürer in 1515. The switch to copper plates was probably made in Italy, and thereafter etching soon came to challenge engraving as the most popular medium for artists in printmaking.
Get to know more about Albrecht Dürer here:
The process of creating etching is very exciting, because every step is a new stage of creation the work by artist. Etching provides continuous process of creating work up to the final printing on the paper.
1- Drawing a sketch
2- Preparing a plate
In traditional pure etching, a metal plate (usually copper, less often zinc or steel) is covered with a waxy ground which is resistant to acid.
Charbonnel Etching Grounds
3- Transfer drawing on a plate
4- Engraving a plate
After transferring line drawing on a plate, the artist scratches off the ground with a pointed etching needle, revealing the plate underneath.
5- Acid’s etching
The plate is then dipped in a bath of acid (ferric chloride), technically called the mordant or etchant.
The thickness of the lines depends on time of being the plate in acid. The lines are thinner when the plate stays 10-20 minutes in acid. And the lines are deeper and wider when the plate stays 40-60 minutes in acid. Except lines the artist can use points as well. Different intensity of points provides a great scale of tune.
6- Cleaning off a plate
The acid “bites” into the metal (it dissolves part of the metal) where it is exposed, leaving behind lines sunk into the plate. The remaining ground is then cleaned off the plate.
7- Finishing a plate
To enrich the plate in tones and textures artist can use different instruments such as burin, roulettes, scrapers, burnishers and rockers.
8- Filling a plate with ink
The plate is inked all over, and then the ink wiped off the surface, leaving only the ink in the etched lines and points.
All printmakers know that CHARBONNEL is a high quality ink. Get to know this magnificent brand better.
The plate is then put through a high-pressure printing press together with a sheet of paper (often moistened to soften it). The paper picks up the ink from the etched lines, making a print.
Find out a little more about the paper you use.
10- Drying prints
The process can be repeated many times, typically several dozen copies. By the way, every copy is accepted as an original graphic work.
11- Signing a print
Also the main part is signing the prints. There are international marking symbols of all intaglio techniques:
C1 – Steel engraving
C2 – Burin engraving
C3 – Etching
C4 – Dry point
C5 – Aquatint
C6 – Soft-ground or other ground-based etching
C7 – Mezzotint
Mixed techniques must be indicated as individual symbols separated by plus signs, e.g. C2+C3+C5.
“In Vino Veritas” C3+C5 2018
The filigree and detailed work by etching is the highest from all graphic techniques. This jewelry technique, is using only simple lines and points, combines all beauty of drawing, wide palette of tones, different types of texture with unusual composition in one small piece of metal. Etching is amazing technique! It is quite obvious why such great art masters like A. Dürer, Rembrandt, Piranesi, Tiepolo, F. Goya also created their masterpieces by this technique. And that’s why I love it.
“Icarus” C3+C5 2015
“For the Future” C3+C5 2014
“The Tower of Babel” C3+C5+C7 2013
“Femida” C3+C5 2017
“Cognition” C3+C5 2014
This article was written by Maryana Myroshnychenko and all images used were provided by her.
You can get to know her on her Facebook page.
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